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Safe Use of Dumpers Guidance now available for Public Comment

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Following a number of serious incidents involving Forward Tipping Dumpers, key factors of which include overturns and individuals being struck by a dumper, an Industry Forum for Dumpers was formed back in late 2016 with an aim to avoid all future incidents. Through a number of meetings, Forum agreed that a total of seven principles would be used as a basis of an industry initiative action plan including the production of a safe use publication, on which the CPA agreed to produce comprehensive guidance through the Strategic Forum Plant Safety Group.


The dumper development group was formed to start work on the good practice guide in early 2018. Members of the group include those from hirers and owners, clients, contractors and users, manufacturers and importers and the Health and Safety Executive.


Four sub-groups were formed to focus on specific subject areas including exclusion/segregation, ground conditions, operation and training. The content produced by each of the four working groups was morphed into a single document for further development and editing.


The guidance includes topics such as operational factors; management and supervision requirements; training and information; segregation/exclusion zones; dumper specifications; machine selection and compatibility; and ground conditions.


One of the main messages of the safe use guidance is that the use of a dumper should not be an automatic choice. The correct identification of the most appropriate machine should be the first step followed by effective planning, supervision and use of competent people if dumpers are to be used safely. Unfortunately, some of the large number of dumpers in use are operated incorrectly or put into unsafe situations, often resulting in accidents and incidents which sadly cause serious injuries and death.


The use of dumpers fitted with a cab is becoming common for which the guidance outlines some of the issues and considerations that need to be made in terms of allowing an operator to remain seated during the loading process. The development of this good practice guide has drawn on existing work that has already been undertaken by the Industry Forum from which a new section was inserted that highlights the causes and consequences of accidents, based on case studies derived from publicly-available safety alerts and those investigated by the Health and Safety Executive.


The draft document is now available to be downloaded for public comment, providing an opportunity for others to comment on the content before the document is formally launched.


The draft document and a comments form can be downloaded from:


The closing date for comments is set for Friday 11th January 2019. All comments received will be reviewed by the group with the amendments and additions made accordingly. This should allow the final release of the document by the Easter period of 2019.


The Plant Safety Group for Dumpers are keen to release the guidance at the earliest opportunity to mitigate further incidents but stress that with rapid technical and operational developments occurring with dumpers, that the guidance may be subject to continual future updates.



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