Surveys and Consultations
The CPA undertakes review on industry issues where Members views are sought and further publishes the results of surveys and reports for dissemination to industry. Current programmes are listed below.
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Training & Skills Development
CPA Review of Plant Operator Card Schemes
The CITB have now publically announced that it is divesting their Construction Plant Competence Scheme (CPCS) card scheme for plant operators to an external organisation as part of its Vision 2020 reform programme. CITB have confirmed that the NOCN Group has been selected as the preferred bidder. NOCN are an awarding organisation that offers a range of qualifications and were also the buyer for CITB’s own recently divested awarding organisation; CSkills Awards.
If the sale is successful, NOCN will create an independent subsidiary as part of their overall approach to the purchase and delivery of CPCS. The process now moves to a stage of due diligence and negotiations between CITB and NOCN. At present, CITB will remain the card scheme provider and CPCS will continue to operate as normal.
A short statement from CITB on the proposal can be found at https://www.citb.co.uk/news-events/uk/2018/citb-statement-on-cpcs-scheme/
As a majority stakeholder in CPCS through Management Committee membership, the CPA Council are reviewing both the potential impacts that could occur through the sale of CPCS to a commercially-led organisation, and how card schemes function now and in the future for industry. CPA was a founder member of the predecessor scheme, CTA back in 1986 and since that time has ensured through the industry-led Management Committee that the policy and management of CPCS, and the associated training and testing standards, are fit-for-purpose for the sector. The CPA believe that this is the time to review all plant operator card schemes to ensure that they benefit Member’s and the sector’s interests for the future.
To support this process, the CPA is seeking views from their members and from industry in general about how card schemes are used and viewed based on a questionnaire. The questionnaire can be downloaded opposite.The aim of this review is to start the debate on what should be the important elements for a modern competence card scheme and as part of its Training on Plant in Construction (TOPIC) strategy, the CPA will further consider, based on demand, organising a number of regional meetings in late Autumn to discuss CPCS, card scheme standards and how the sector engages with them in the future.
The aim of this review is to start the debate on what should be the important elements for a modern competence card scheme and as part of its Training on Plant in Construction (TOPIC) strategy, the CPA will further consider, based on demand, organising a number of regional meetings in late Autumn to discuss CPCS, card scheme standards and how the sector engages with them in the future.
The survey from can be downloaded opposite
Further information about the card scheme review can be obtained from Peter Brown at firstname.lastname@example.org
Download >>CPA Card Schemes Survey Aug 18.docx
Research Report - Plant operator supply and demand
The CPA has completed a major research project to examine the supply and demand of plant operatives across the construction industry. This study for the identification of skills supply and demand engaged CPA members UK-wide, as well as training providers and contractors. The project was initiated by CPA, and funded by CITB under the Flexible Funding scheme.
A key purpose of the report was to gain clarity over the number of plant operators in UK construction and to challenge the published figure of around 40,000 as detailed in CITB’s Construction Skills Network Forecast. The CPA study indicates a total UK plant operator workforce of around 289,000.
The CPA have noted that construction plant is on the critical path of all infrastructure and building projects and skilled and competent operators are required if projects are to be delivered safely, on budget and on target. Plant owners, operators and contractors therefore need to forecast and manage labour supply, including recruitment and retention of the existing workforce over the next 5-10 years.
The findings from this study mean that the numerical importance of plant operators as an occupational group matches their importance on site. Instead of being low in the rankings of occupation by volume, there is evidence to show that plant operation as an occupation is one of the top five in construction.
This research suggests that one reason for this discrepancy is the reliance on standard classification codes for company activity and occupations. These do not necessarily match the real world of work in construction, and many employers appear not to fully understand them. The underreporting remained unquestioned until CPA raised the query and have suggested to CITB that the Construction Skills Network report should explain the nature and significance of the published figures. Given the potential scale of the underreporting, this is essential for policy and planning purposes.
The CPA study also indicated that recruitment is a key challenge for plant hire companies. Around 40% of respondents said recruitment is very difficult or fairly difficult. 28% of respondents had hard-to-fill vacancies in the last year. The most common areas for recruitment over the next 12 months were found to be earthmoving (26%), cranes and lifting (19%) and materials handling (5%). Skills and knowledge of potential candidates was said to be the biggest barrier in relation to recruitment of plant operatives. Three key barriers in relation to training were found to be the cost, the time off the job required to undertake training and the quality of training available.
Analysis of construction plant qualifications indicated that there are currently 65 relevant NVQ qualifications applicable to plant operatives, ranging from NVQ Level 2 through to NVQ Level 5, covering all aspects of plant equipment. However, the survey found that the level of apprenticeship training in the sector is low, potentially reducing its attractiveness as a career option compared to other construction occupations with more well established apprenticeship programmes.
Over 80% of respondents stated they did not employ any apprentices currently. The report findings suggested that there are fewer young people in the construction plant sector than the economy as a whole, with more than four in 10 (43%) construction plant workers aged 45 and over and fewer than one in 10 (8%) aged 24 or under.
Several themes emerged when respondents were asked about the biggest challenges facing the construction plant sector over the next five years. The recruitment of young people into the industry to replace a largely ageing workforce was seen as a challenge by many, and there were concerns around the attractiveness of the industry to young people. Other challenges included the increasingly competitive environment, lack of skills on-site, Brexit and budget cuts.
The CPA note that this research is a valuable guide for identifying the areas of importance and priority in the plant hire community. One of the key findings of the survey is the difficulty of recruiting skilled and qualified plant operators and the CPA will undertake a number of initiatives to address this, such as a plant skills strategy forum and a careers event.
The full research can be downloaded free of charge opposite.
Download >> CPA Plant Operator Supply and Demand Report.pdf