CPA banner Email CPA

Members Log In

Forgotten password?

CPA Operational Safety Guidance - Forward Tipping Dumpers

< Back to


News & Events



Following a number of recent serious incidents involving Forward Tipping Dumpers, an industry forum was formed in October 2016 with an aim to avoid future incidents that have happening with these machine types. Two key factors of past incidents include the overturning of a dumper and of individuals being struck by a dumper. At subsequent forum meetings, seven principles were agreed as the basis of an action plan that covers effective vision, machine stability, training and information, competence, travelling on spoil heaps, exclusion zones and equipment selection.


As part of its support to the programme, the CPA has produced an operational safety guidance publication titled ‘Staying Safe When Operating Forward Tipping Dumpers’, aimed principally at operators for refresher training purposes. It has been divided into three sections:

  • Section one consisting of a ‘stay safe by’ list of actions for operators;
  • Section two consisting of the supporting underpinning knowledge providing the ‘how’s and why’s’ of each action, and designed to provide assistance for tool box talks and one-to-one familiarisation activities;
  • Section three being aimed at managers and supervisors in terms of planning and supervision requirements.


The publication includes a case study to aid learning, based on an observed event, and outlines the causes and consequences of the activity and how it can be prevented. Much of the content of section two has been kindly supplied by the CITB from their Construction Plant Competence Scheme (CPCS) card renewal fact sheets that rechecks core knowledge of their cardholders on card renewal. This CPA-produced publication has been designed to support a number of existing safe operational guidance publications from the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) including their HSG 144 safe use of vehicles on construction sites.


The staying safe guidance can be downloaded free-of-charge from the CPA website at  


Colin Wood, Chief Executive of the CPA said: “The issue around dumper safety has become a major topic for our members as well as the industry in general. Because of this, we are co-leading the forum along with CECA and as part of our commitment, we pressed ahead to devise this operator-based safety guidance. This will go some way towards helping industry address the issues, but it is only the first step that we’re taking in setting out guidance for safer dumper operations”.


Kevin Minton, Director of the CPA and co-Chair of the forum added: “We are seeking a range of solutions to ensure the operator and others stay safe. As part of the forum’s action plan, the Stay Safe guidance will be the first of a number of documents that will be published through the CPA. Others will include a Good Practice Guide on Forward Tipping Dumpers which will be devised by the Strategic Forum Plant Safety Group, and an update to the Plant Safety Group’s work on Ground Conditions. This update will provide guidance and recommendations for the operation of dumpers on spoil heaps”.



Follow CPA on FacebookFollow CPA on TwitterConnect with the CPA on LinkedInConnect with CPA Bulletin on LinkedInPayments on the CPA web site are secured by SagePay